GSMR offers the capability of performing infrastructure monitoring and inspection activities, in real time and deferred, and over a wide territory, through the use of video systems, carried on “unmanned” aircraft that is unmanned drones, equipped with inertial stabilization gyroscopic systems and geo-localized navigation systems supported by GPS constellations.
The monitoring and inspection activities can be carried out over the daylight hours using two types of methods:
- systems with local (in view) guidance, operated with a portable aircraft remote control; these can provide an instantaneous observation of the elements of interest on the video equipment available to the operator of the drone that guides it locally from the ground.
- georeferenced guidance systems, by means of flight programs preloaded on the drone and able to carry detections outside the visual range. In this operating mode, the drone relies on a flight plan predefined by the user by means of a planning support provided by the GSMR system through an intuitive interface supported by maps and digital terrain models that can be integrated with the plans and the user designs.
In both types of monitoring methods the system operates in “emergency fly-back mode”. This mode foresees the certainty of the return to the base in the presence of certain critical conditions such as: reaching the minimum fuel supply, loss of signal with the ground control station, etc., in order to ensure both the safety of the drone and of the elements present in the environment it is operating.
In practice the user of GSMR system performs its activities in three phases:
- Mission Design: In this phase GSMR allows the creation of an operational scenario that includes the resources deemed useful to the success of the mission, assessing in advance the interactions between them and the limitations imposed by known factors (eg. : morphology of the territory, road networks and telecommunications, human factors, etc.) and predictable (weather, electromagnetic interference, etc.), estimating the state of consistency and efficiency of the individual infrastructure components.
- Mission Management: GSMR allows to monitor and control in real time the performance of operational activities by the two previously described methods to gather information from the field and representing them within the operational scenario; this allows to see what has been collected by the drone consistently with the context and possibly operate optimal choices to prevent critical anomalies reaching the maximum results with a minimum effort.
- Mission Analysis: In this phase GSMR provides the mission analyst with the whole scenario of the operations that were carried out and allows to assess the precise details across a large set of images, reports and graphs useful to estimate the status of individual infrastructure components and to evaluate their performance and degree of reliability. This possibility is offered by a system component created to support the activities of “archiving & retrieval” useful to handle across time all the surveys carried out in order to allow both a timing-accurate verification and a periodic monitoring of the infrastructure elements.
GSMR was designed and built by GMSPAZIO, integrating technologies derived from the aerospace and defence world and transposed to civilian use. In particular:
- Simulation Technologies, able to guarantee reliability witnessed by more than thirty thousand active installations worldwide with the most significant actors in the Aerospace, Aviation and Defense
- Innovative technologies of military derivation for the management of “unmanned systems”.
- Geographic Information Systems technologies
- Satellite Remote Sensing technologies
GSMR uses aggregation technologies operating in real-time by radio links and existing satellite reception systems, from which it takes the data in a proprietary format and outputs a standard structure to facilitate its diffusion through a multilevel client-server architecture.